Implementation of CAA in India - Pros and Cons

Implementation of CAA in India – Pros and Cons | GD Topic

There is a lot of buzz around the country over the Implementation of the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA). This Act is regarded as the first citizenship eligibility based on religion in India. Particularly, the Act is misunderstood as discriminating against certain other refugees and Muslims. There has been a long debate on the problem of infiltrators within the nation. The National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam was initially worked on to drive out intruders. 

However, there has been debate regarding the National Register of Citizens (NRC). This is due to the belief that many people currently residing in the nation have not been added to the list. In response, the government enacted the Citizenship Amendment Act of 2019. In the end, this led to numerous protests throughout the nation. But, why is there now debate surrounding this Act? What does the CAA Act genuinely mean for Indian citizens?

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Thus, the following information will help in getting a clear perception of the CAA’s implementation in India. So, let’s begin 

What is India’s Citizenship Amendment Act?

In the Lok Sabha, the Citizenship Amendment Bill (CAA Bill) was first presented in 2016. The Citizenship Act of 1955 was revised and renamed this Act. Later, on January 8, 2019, the Lok Sabha enacted the Citizenship Amendment Bill. Mr. Amit Shah, the Minister of Home Affairs, reintroduced this bill in the 17th Lok Sabha on December 9, 2019. Finally, the law was adopted by the Rajya Sabha on December 11. 

This Act grants Indian citizenship to specific religious minorities who have been subjected to discrimination in neighbouring nations. The primary purpose of the CAA act was to grant citizenship to immigrants who were Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, Christian, and who came to India on or before December 31, 2014, but were originally from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan.

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Why has the CAA Generated Controversy in India?

Following the enactment of the Citizenship Amendment Act, numerous large-scale protests occurred throughout India. Al Jazeera sources state that there were protests in nearby areas of Shaheen Bagh in Delhi as well as at the institute Jamia Millia Islamia. The Muslim community does not believe that the Act was enacted primarily for their sake. They thought that the bill compromised India’s secular principles. Muslims were especially concerned that the law might be used against them in some aspects. 

In addition to the Muslim community, the opposition raises issues with this Act’s execution. Additionally, they have brought up the fact that the law was purposefully put into effect just before the elections.

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What are the Pros and Cons of the CAA in India?

According to an old saying, “Every coin has two sides.” So, here we are with the benefits and drawbacks, or pros and cons, of the Citizenship Amendment Act of India. Thus, have a look-

Pros of CAA Implementation

1. Relief to Minorities
The bill’s entire concentration is on helping the country’s minority populations. Most of these individuals are from neighbouring countries such as Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan. They are now eligible to apply for Indian citizenship thanks to this Act. 

2. Aids in National Security
Groups of illegal migrants who entered India on or before December 31, 2014, are granted legal status by the Citizenship Amendment Act. It is possible to ascertain this recognition as these citizens’ legal identities. In the end, this action will strengthen national security. 

3. Relaxes the Need for Naturalization 
Through naturalization, immigrants from three nations can get citizenship under the CAA Act. As a result, the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, of 2019 shortened the illegal immigrants’ 11-year stay in India to just 5 years.

Cons of Implementation of CAA

1. Religion Specific Act
One of the major drawbacks of this Act is that it is religion-specific. Since the act is based on religious affiliation, the majority of Muslims do not think it is appropriate.

2. Facing International Criticism 
The bill’s potential to sour diplomatic ties with international organizations is CAA’s second drawback. According to certain opposition leaders, the measure violates the laws that make India a secular nation. 

Wrapping Up- 

In conclusion,  in this article, we have reviewed the implementation of CAA in India. The person who is in favour of the CAA sees it from a different angle. It seems that it is a good human gesture. However, the opposition has been indulged in a continuous discussion that attempts to prove this act as a Failure.

However, the government wants the give true identity to the migrants who entered India by December 31, 2014. These are the individuals who suffered severe discrimination for their religion in their nation. They can now apply for Indian citizenship because of this act.

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